Events & Holidays
Rizal Day is a Philippine national holiday honoring national hero José Rizal. The holiday was established by President Emilio Aguinaldo on December 30, 1898, as a day of mourning for Rizal and all victims of the Spanish government. It wasn’t made into a holiday until February 1, 1902, when the Philippine Commission enacted Act No. 345.
The first monument dedicated to José Rizal was built in Daet, a town in the Camarines Norte province. The monument is a three-tiered stone pylong with Rizal’s novels inscribed on each side.
Cinco de Mayo does not only celebrate Mexican independence, but Mexican culture as a whole. Most celebrators wave Mexican flags, listen to Mexican music, eat Mexican food, and drink Mexican alcohol, especially tequila. Mexican dances are danced in the street, and many wear intricate costumes that are reflective of Mexican culture. In essence, Cinco de Mayo is a day that people with Mexican heritage can celebrate their truly unique culture.
José Rizal is best known for being a prominent figure for reform while the Philippines was still under Spanish colonial rule. Rizal was an accomplished writer, having written several novels and a large number of essays.
His writings took a different turn with his novels Noli me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, both were very critical of the Spanish friars. He also contributed essays, allegories, poems and editorials to Spanish newspaper La Solidaridad–all of which called for better rights for Filipino people.
Rizal was executed on December 30, 1896, at the age of 35 after being arrested and tried. The place he was killed, Bagumbayan, is now known as Rizal Park.